Money To Bitcoin - Truths

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Let's say you had one legit $20 and one really good photocopy of that same $20. If someone were to try to spend both the real bill and the imitation one, someone who took the problem of looking at either of the bills' consecutive numbers would see that they had been exactly the exact same number, and thus one of them had to be fictitious.

This isn't a perfect analogy--we'll explain in more detail below. .

Once a miner has verified 1 MB (megabyte) worthiness of Bitcoin transactions, they are entitled to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was established by Satoshi Nakamoto, and is a matter of controversy, as some miners think the block size ought to be increased to accommodate more information.

Note that I said that verifying 1 MB worth of transactions makes a miner qualified to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who verifies transactions will get paid out.

1MB of transactions can theoretically be as small as 1 transaction (although this is not at all common) or a few thousand. It depends on how much data the transactions take up.

In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to fulfill two conditions. One is a matter of effort, one is a matter of luck.

2) You have to be the first miner to arrive at the right answer to a numeric issue. This process is also known as an evidence of work.

The fantastic news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You might have discovered that miners are solving difficult mathematical problems--that's not true at all. What they are actually doing is trying to be the first miner to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash")  which is less than or equivalent to the target hash.

 

 

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The bad news: Because it is guesswork, you need a lot of computing power in order to get there . To mine successfully, you need to get a higher"hash rate," that is measured browse around this site in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).

If you want to estimate how much Bitcoin you can mine with your mining rig's hash pace, the website Cryptocompare offers a helpful calculator.

Either way a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands.  Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--buy individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a cheap way to cobble together mining operations.  The photograph below is a makeshift, high-tech mining machine.  The graphics cards are those rectangular cubes with whirring circles.  Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the pictures cards to the metal rod.

ExampleI tell three friends I'm thinking of a number between 1 and 100, and that I write that number on a piece of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't have to guess the specific number, they simply have to be the first person to figure any number that is less than or equal to the number I am thinking of.

 

 

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Let's say I am thinking about the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they shed because 21>19. If Friend B guesses 16 and Friend C supposes 12, then they've both technically came at viable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There's no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was closer to the target answer of 19. .

In Bitcoin terms, simultaneous answers happen frequently, but at the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented that are equivalent to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will determine by a simple majority--51%--which miner to honour. Typically, it's the miner who has done the work, i.e.

 

 

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The losing block then becomes an"orphan block" .

 

 

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Now imagine that I pose the"guess what number I am thinking of" question, but I'm not asking only 3 friends, and I am not thinking of a number between 1 and 100. Instead, I'm asking millions of would-be miners and I am thinking about a 64-digit hexadecimal number. Now you see that it's going to be extremely difficult to guess the right answer.

 

 

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The number above has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand so far. As you probably noticed, that number consists not just of numbers, but also letters of the alphabet. Why is that

In order to understand what these letters are doing in the center of numbers, let's unpack the word"hexadecimal."

As you knowwe use the"decimal" system, which means it's base 10. This in turn means that every digit has 10 chances, 0-9.

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